BY CECILIE KRABBE-COPENHAGEN: New research links the BMI of one spouse and the other spouse’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The researchers say efforts to detect undiagnosed diabetes and so-called pre-diabetes should not focus exclusively on the individual, but rather on couples and households.
“We have discovered that you can predict a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes based on his or her partner’s BMI. This means that you can tell whether a person has a heightened risk or not on the basis of the partner’s BMI,” says University of Copenhagen postdoc Jannie Nielsen, first author of the study in the journal Diabetologia. (read more)
BY DAVID DISALVO: In our ongoing dieting dialogue we spend a lot of time talking about what to eat, but what if we’re leaving out something just as important? What if changing whenwe eat could significantly improve our health? For the first time, a study offers preliminary evidence supporting precisely that argument, showing that eating earlier in the day could affect our health as much as what we’re eating.
Animal studies have found that time-restricted diets can reduce diabetes risk by stabilizing blood sugar. To see if the same holds true for humans, a research team from the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) recruited a group of overweight men, all nearly diabetic, to participate in a controlled 10-week study. Half of the group ate three meals a day within a six-hour period starting around 8:30 am and ending before 3 pm (in effect, they fasted for 18 hours a day). The other half ate three meals during a more typical 12-hour window. The groups swapped eating regimens at the end of the first five weeks. (read more)
BY KARA LEIGH LOFTON: Up to ten percent of American women experience gestational diabetes – a condition in which women who did not have diabetes prior to pregnancy get it during pregnancy. It’s unknown how many West Virginia women experience the condition, but gestational diabetes significantly increases women’s risk of developing type two diabetes after giving birth. And West Virginia has the highest rate of type two diabetes in the country.
Diabetes is known to increase the risk for chronic kidney disease. Researchers were trying to determine if gestational diabetes also had an affect on kidney function.
Using a blood test, researchers found evidence that gestational diabetes may predispose women to early-state kidney disease – the precursor to chronic kidney disease. (read more)
BY SCIENCE DAILY: Duke researchers have identified a key fork in the road for the way the liver deals with carbohydrates, fats and protein. They say it could be a promising new target for combating the pandemics of fatty liver disease and prediabetes.
The finding is an outgrowth of the Duke Molecular Physiology Institute’s “retro-translation” approach, in which bloodstream markers of a particular disease are identified by broad screens and then “taken back into animal models to figure out what that signal means,” said Phillip White, an assistant professor of medicine who led the study. (read more)
BY PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY: New research published in Experimental Physiology has suggested a 6-week CrossFit™ exercise programme can lead to improved control of blood sugar levels and decreased risk of heart disease in people with Type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, which is where the body doesn’t produce enough of the hormone that controls sugar levels, called insulin. People with Type 2 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of heart disease. A primary focus for managing diabetes is exercise, as it has been shown to improve the body’s ability to control sugar levels by making the body more sensitive to the insulin produced. (read more)