Hormone and Diabetes: What is Aldosterone?

What is aldosterone, and is there a link between the hormone and diabetes? There’s now been a study that has identified that aldosterone links diabetes and hypertension.

Researchers at Ohio State University College of Medicine conducted a study on the hormone link between diabetes and hypertension. The results were published by the Journal of the American Heart Association.

What is aldosterone?

Aldosterone is produced by the adrenal gland and can increase blood pressure. The study showed that aldosterone can also increase insulin resistance, which weakens insulin secretion from the pancreas.

It is a hormone that is created in the cortex of the adrenal glands. It plays a key role in regulating blood pressure in the body by helping organs like the kidneys and colon to increase the sodium absorbed in the bloodstream.


The study

The team followed 1,600 people for 10 years. In the study, they found that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes more than doubled for people who had higher levels of aldosterone.

The study also found that various ethnic groups are at an even greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes when they have high levels of aldosterone. Groups like African Americans and Chinese Americans are at least three times more likely to develop diabetes.

The team will move forward with a federal funded clinical trial at the Ohio State Wexner Medical Center. In this trial they will further study the role of the hormone in glucose metabolism. The researchers will also study the impact of African American participants taking a medication to lower it.

The trial is expected to start enrolling patients later this year.

There are over 30 million Americans who suffer from diabetes, and even more who don’t know it. Despite preventive measures, there are  another one in three who have prediabetes. These numbers have continued to climb over time.