Insulin is a hormone that’s made by the pancreas to help the glucose in your blood enter cells in your fat, liver, and muscles to be used for energy. So what happens when you experience insulin resistance or insulin sensitivity?
What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance can increase your risk of developing prediabetes and eventually type 2. Insulin resistance happens when the cells in you fat, liver, and muscles don’t respond well to insulin.
In order to make up for it, your pancreas will start making more insulin to help glucose enter your cells. If your pancreas makes enough insulin to overcome your cells’ response to insulin, your blood glucose levels can remain in a healthy range.
Now you know about insulin resistance, but what is insulin sensitivity? Insulin sensitivity is the opposite of insulin resistance.
Insulin sensitivity is when your body needs smaller amounts of insulin to lower your blood glucose levels. Typically, having sensitivity to insulin can be good and means you’re healthy. When the sensitivity gets high is when there is a problem. For people with type 1 diabetes, high insulin increases the risk hypoglycemia.
You may have heard that a plant-based diet is your healthiest option if you’re dealing with insulin sensitivity or insulin resistance. Research shows that plant-based diets are the number one way to manage your blood sugar. A plant-based diet will consist of legumes, whole grains, vegetables, nuts, and seeds.
There are three main components of this diet that make the biggest difference:
Diets and insulin management can vary for each individual. To find out what is best for you and your situation, talk to your doctor.