BY ANA SANDOIU: More than 30 million people in the United States are currently living with diabetes.
Around 95 percent of these people have type 2 diabetes.
People with type 1 diabetes need to have insulin injections or have insulin delivered with a pump in order to survive.
Though some people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood sugar levels using lifestyle changes and medication, many of them also resort to insulin to regulate blood sugar.
Insulin is absolutely vital for helping cells get access to glucose and use it for energy. Without it, the person’s blood sugar levels skyrocket, leading to hyperglycemia. (read more)
BY SCIENCE DAILY: The Japanese study tracked over 27,000 non-diabetic adults (average age 49 years) between 2005 and 2016 and found that increased fasting glucose, higher body mass index (BMI) and impaired insulin sensitivity were detectable up to 10 years before the diagnosis of diabetes as well as prediabetes.
“As the vast majority of people with type 2 diabetes go through the stage of prediabetes, our findings suggest that elevated metabolic markers for diabetes are detectable more than 20 years before its diagnosis,” says Dr Hiroyuki Sagesaka from Aizawa Hospital in Matsumoto, Japan who led the research, along with Professor Mitsuhisa Komatsu, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan and colleagues. (read more)
BY MEDICAL EXPRESS: By blocking a protein, VDAC1, in the insulin-producing beta cells, it is possible to restore their normal function in case of type 2 diabetes. In preclinical experiments, the researchers behind a new study have also shown that it is possible to prevent the development of the disease. The findings are published in the scientific journal Cell Metabolism.
The researchers at Lund University in Sweden believe that the active substance, which inhibits the protein VDAC1, could play a part in future drug development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (read more)
BY MATT ATHERTON: Diabetes affects about 3.7 million people in the UK, and around 90 per cent of those cases are caused by type 2 diabetes.
The condition is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.
Making some diet or lifestyle changes could help to prevent the signs of high blood sugar.
But, if diabetes patients choose to eat more fruit, they should stick to certain types, it’s been revealed. (read more)
BY KAROLINA KAMINSKA: Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition where the level of sugar in the blood is too high.
It’s dangerous because if not treated properly it can cause serious complications involving the heart, eyes, kidneys and nerves.
People with diabetes are also more at risk of getting the flu.
Although most healthy people recover from the flu within a couple of weeks, the effects are worse in people with diabetes. (read more)