BY LISA RAPAPORT: For black people, smoking at least a pack of cigarettes a day is tied to a higher risk of developing diabetes, a U.S. study suggests.
While previous research has found that smokers and black people both have higher risks of diabetes than nonsmokers and individuals from other racial and ethnic backgrounds, the current study offers fresh evidence that the amount of cigarette use can impact this risk.
Researchers examined data on 2,991 black adults who didn’t have diabetes, including 361 who were current smokers and 502 who were ex-smokers. (read more)
BY JACK WOODFIELD: Keeping good control of blood sugar levels is important to prevent cognitive decline in older age even among people without diabetes, according to new research.
Studies have previously linked poor blood sugar control in people with diabetes to an increased risk of brain conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, but never before by using HbA1c. This is a test which provides a measure of average glucose sugar levels over a three-month period. (read more)
BY SERENA GORDON: If you call 911, you expect to get the medical services you need.
But new research suggests that when it comes to severe low blood sugar episodes in people with diabetes, first responders might not be able to administer a potentially lifesaving medication called glucagon.
Glucagon is an injectable medication that prompts the liver to release stored glucose. This quickly raises blood sugar. (read more)
BY MIKE FREEMAN: Dexcom and UnitedHealthcare are launching a pilot project to see if continuous glucose monitors can help people with Type 2 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes is a growing problem linked to being overweight.
- To date, wearable blood sugar monitors have been most often used by Type 1 patients, who require insulin to manage the disease.
- The pilot project aims to use real time data from monitors, along with personalized coaching, to change behavior and cut medical costs.
San Diego’s Dexcom has teamed up with insurance giant UnitedHealthcare in a pilot to test whether continuous glucose monitors can help Type 2 diabetes patients better manage the disease at lower cost. (read more)
BY THE GUARDIAN: 1. Are you at risk?
About 3.5 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes, a condition characterised by elevated blood-sugar levels. In type 1 diabetes – about 10% of cases – the pancreas does not produce any insulin. The remainder have type 2, which means their pancreas does not make enough insulin or it doesn’t work properly. More than 1 million people in the UK are estimated to have the condition but not know it, while about 11.9 million are at elevated risk of getting it. To find out whether you are one of them, check out the Know Your Risk tool on the Diabetes UK website. (read more)