BY UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD: The prevalence of diabetes has increased almost 10-fold in China since the early 1980s, with one in 10 adults in China now affected by diabetes. Although adiposity is the major modifiable risk factor for diabetes, other research in China suggests this can explain only about 50 percent of the increase in diabetes prevalence over recent decades, suggesting other lifestyle factors, including smoking, may play a role in the aetiology of diabetes. In recent decades, there has been a large increase in cigarette smoking in China, especially among men. About two thirds of Chinese men now smoke, consuming roughly 40 percent of the world’s cigarettes. (read more)
BY HEALTHDAY NEWS: Andrew Stokes, PhD, from the Boston University School of Public Health, and colleagues categorized individuals into 4 weight-change groups from young adulthood to midlife: stable non-obese, losing (moved from obese to non-obese), gaining (moved from non-obese to obese), and stable obese.
Weight change was related to incident diabetes over 10 years of follow-up. (read more)
BY SCIENCE DAILY: Doctors have long known that patients with diabetes are at risk for kidney disease. But the new study shows that patients could be suffering undiagnosed kidney damage even before they are aware that they have diabetes.
Looking at data from Veterans Affairs electronic health records, the researchers found that more than 30 percent of diabetic veterans had prior CKD signs. They also found racial and regional disparities for kidney disease risk. (read more)
BY LI Y: Pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome previously treated with the antiandrogenic therapy ethinylestradiol/cyproterone acetate have a lower risk for gestational diabetes and pregnancy-induced hypertension compared with healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with PCOS who did not receive the treatment, study data show.
Xiangyan Ruan, MD, PhD, professor in the department of gynecological endocrinology at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, and colleagues evaluated data from women attending the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital for standard antenatal examinations and delivery from 2013 to June 2016. Researchers sought to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension and premature delivery along with neonatal birth weight among 6,000 healthy women (mean age, 31.92 years), women with PCOS not previously treated with antiandrogenic therapy (mean age, 30.76 years) and 222 women with PCOS previously treated with ethinylestradiol/cyproterone acetate (EE/CPA) for 3 months (mean age, 30.12 years). (read more)
BY ALAN MOZES: Weight-loss surgery may help severely obese teens with type 2 diabetes far more than medication and lifestyle changes alone, new research suggests.
A small analysis found that bariatric surgery did a “far better” job than drug and lifestyle management in achieving significant weight loss and reversing diabetes, said study lead author Dr. Thomas Inge.
His investigation — involving 93 teens in all — found surgical treatment was associated with significantly better blood sugar control, reduced risk markers for heart disease and stroke, and improved kidney function. (read more)