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Top Diabetes News of Today

Tooth health may indicate diabetes risk

BY ARRON LOHR AND JENNI GLENN GINGERY: Poor dental health may be linked with increased risk for diabetes, a new study suggests. The results will be presented in a poster Monday, March 19, at ENDO 2018, the 100th annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in Chicago, Ill.

“The health of your teeth maybe a sign of your risk for diabetes,” said lead author Raynald Samoa, M.D., an assistant professor in the Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism at City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif.

“Our findings suggest that dental exams may provide a way to identify someone at risk for developing diabetes. We found a progressive positive relationship between worsening glucose tolerance and the number of missing teeth. Although a causal relationship cannot be inferred from this cross-sectional study, it demonstrates that poor dental outcome can be observed before the onset of overt diabetes,” he said. (read more)

This Blind Fish Is Giving Scientists a New Perspective on Diabetes

BY MICHELLE STARR: The pale, eyeless pink Mexican cavefish is surprisingly chubby for a fish that lives in an environment with a big lack of algae food.

Now a team of researchers have figured out how this can be, and it’s identical to a mechanism that causes insulin resistance in humans. (read more)

Extra fiber with meals may boost insulin in type 2 diabetes

BY ELLEN GOLDBAUM-BUFFALO: A fiber supplement can help patients with type 2 diabetes increase their insulin secretion, even after a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal, a small study shows.

“Dietary fiber is known to reduce the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in large epidemiological studies,” says Paresh Dandona, professor and chief of the division of endocrinology in the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo. (read more)

Big Breakfast Beats Traditional 6-Meal Diabetes Diet

BY JODI GODFREY: Its all in the timing, according to researchers from Tel Aviv University who propose shifting the way you eat so you’re having biggest meal at breakfast and the least calories at dinner, during a presentation at ENDO 2018, the 100th annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in Chicago, Illinois.

“When you eat matters much more than what you eat,” says Daniela Jakubowicz, MD, professor of medicine and a pediatric endocrinologist at the Wolfson Medical Center at Tel Aviv University in Israel, in sharing results of a study about the benefit of a high energy breakfast in people with type 2 diabetes who need insulin to help manage their blood sugar. (read more)

Belly fat promotes diabetes under orders from liver

BY COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER: The fat that builds up deep in the abdomen — more than any other type of body fat — raises the risk of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Researchers have known that abdominal fat becomes dangerous when it becomes inflamed but have had a hard time determining what causes the inflammation.

A new study at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) has revealed that at least one of the culprits for this mysterious inflammation comes from the liver. The researchers found that, in obese mice, the liver increases its production of an enzyme called DPP4. This enzyme travels through the blood stream to abdominal fat. Once inside fat tissue, DPP4 helps to activate inflammatory cells. (read more)