Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious medical condition in which glucose cannot go into the cells to be used for energy. The body then begins to break down fat and muscle for energy, which turns into blood acid called ketones. When ketones are produced too quickly, they build up in the blood and become toxic, creating ketoacidosis.


Symptoms of ketoacidosis should not be ignored. Some of the common symptoms of diabetes can also be symptoms of early ketoacidosis, including excessive thirst, frequent urination, dry mouth, and fruity-smelling breath.

The more dangerous symptoms are nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, weakness or fatigue, shortness of breath, and confusion. If you are diabetic and experience any of these symptoms, seek medical care immediately. Ketoacidosis can be a life-threatening condition if it is not treated right away.



Diabetic ketoacidosis can result from severe infections, drug use, major physical or emotional trauma, or stress. It’s wise to keep a ketoacidosis test kit in your home and check your ketone levels if you experience any symptoms.

Tips for preventing ketoacidosis:

  1. Manage your diabetes with a healthy lifestyle.
  2. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.
  3. Adjust your insulin as needed.
  4. Check your ketone levels when you’re ill or stressed.
  5. Be prepared to act quickly if you suspect you have ketoacidosis.