BY Jasim Collier: Scientists at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, investigated the health-related data of tens of thousands of people over many years to understand how eating whole grains influences a person’s risk of type 2 diabetes.
Previous studies, they say, looked primarily at the consumption of one type of grain, namely wheat, and suggested that it may have a protective role against diabetes. (read more)
BY SCIENCE DAILY: Sleep deprivation has been associated with eating more, moving less and having a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, a team of researchers from Toho University Graduate School of Medicine in Japan, explained, “It was not clear whether glucose intolerance was due to the changes in food intake or energy expenditure or to the sleep deprivation itself.”
The researchers studied two groups of mice: One group was kept awake for six hours each night (“sleep deprivation”), while the control group was allowed to sleep as desired. The research team offered unlimited high-fat food and sugar water — mimicking lifestyle-related food choices that people make — to both groups prior to the study. During the sleep/wake period, the animals had limited opportunity for physical activity. (read more)
BY SCIENCE DAILY: Gestational diabetes mellitus refers to impaired glucose metabolism during pregnancy. Often, mothers with GDM have too high blood glucose levels, and this increases the risk of various adverse effects on the fetus. Moreover, GDM increases the mother’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Postpartum depression symptoms are experienced by 10-15 per cent of mothers after childbirth. The newly published study used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale to assess depression symptoms during the third trimester of pregnancy and eight weeks after delivery. (read more)
BY MIRIAM E TUCKER: The World Health Organization (WHO) has published new diabetes treatment intensification guidelines aimed at resource-poor countries and disadvantaged populations in higher-income countries.
The document, comprised of five key recommendations, was published onlineSeptember 4 in Annals of Internal Medicine by WHO employees Gojka Roglic, MD, and Susan L. Norris, MD, who led a 12-member expert panel.
The recommendations are the first update to WHO diabetes guidelines since 2013 and are based on a systemic literature review between 2007 and 2017. (read more)
BY SERENA GORDON: Two disorders that often occur together — type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure — may have a common link in a hormone called aldosterone, researchers suggest.
Aldosterone has already been implicated in the development of high blood pressure (hypertension). Now, a new study reports that people with higher levels of aldosterone had more than twice the odds of developing type 2 diabetes. Researchers also found that the link between aldosterone and diabetes was stronger among some racial groups.
Aldosterone is a hormone that helps the body hold onto sodium. It also helps regulate the body’s fluid levels, according to the researchers. (read more)