Skipping breakfast even once a week might increase risk of type 2 diabetes

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Skipping breakfast even once a week might increase risk of type 2 diabetes

BY NAOMI KAPLAN: Many people consider breakfast to be the most important meal of the day, and perhaps that’s for good reason. Skipping it might increase your type 2 diabetes risk, according to a new review of several studies.

After looking at a total of six studies involving over 96,000 people — 5,000 of whom had already been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes — German researchers found that skipping breakfast for just one day of the week was associated with a 6 percent higher risk of developing diabetes. However, the risk went up with each additional day, peaking at a 55 percent higher risk of diabetes after skipping breakfast for four to five days each week. (read more)

Experimental treatment for type 1 diabetes avoids pancreas transplant

BY ILENE RAYMOND RUSH: In 2004, Penn became one of five federally sponsored centers to run a Phase 3 clinical trial of pancreatic islet transplantation – instead of whole pancreas transplants — for people with complicated diabetes who couldn’t sense their own hypoglycemia.

“A pancreas transplant has many issues, including major surgery and prolonged hospitalization,” said Ali Naji, director of the Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation Program, the leader of the Penn trial who performed Bilotti’s procedure. “This way there is no surgery, no incision, only a 20- to 25-minute infusion of islets into the liver.” (read more)

2 Diabetes Drugs Spike Heart Attack Risk

BY KRISTIN SAMUELSON-NORTHWESTERN: The two drugs—sulfonylureas and basal insulin—are commonly prescribed when metformin, a widely accepted initial Type 2 diabetes treatment, doesn’t work alone or isn’t tolerated.

The study, which appears in JAMA Network Open, is the first to compare how each of the six major second-line drugs impact cardiovascular outcomes in Type 2 diabetes patients taking a second diabetes medication. (read more)

Diet Soda Linked to Increased Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy

BY VERONICA HACKETHAL: Drinking diet soda may increase the risk for proliferative diabetic retinopathy — a severe type of diabetic eye disease that can lead to blindness — according to a study published online in the September/October issue of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. (read more)

Gene variations linked to higher risk of diabetes and heart attacks

BY MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL: People who are less likely to put on excess fat around their hips due to their genes are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes and heart attacks, according to a new study led by scientists from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge.

While it has long been recognised that an ‘apple-shaped’ body is associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease, the new research sheds light on the specific genetics linked to this body shape and the potential mechanisms behind the increased risk. The researchers suggest that their findings, published in JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association, may help to better identify individuals at risk of developing these conditions and inform their subsequent treatment. (read more)