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PCOS and diabetes

Increased Risk of Diabetes with PCOS

According to a study published in Diabetes Care, you could have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you’re a woman living with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). What does this mean about the connection between PCOS and diabetes?

What is PCOS?

PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that affects women who are of a reproductive age. Some of the symptoms caused are excess hair growth, irregular periods, insulin resistance, and fertility issues.

The cause of PCOS is still unknown, but some possible factors are excess androgren (or male hormone), genetics, and low-grade inflammation.

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PCOS and diabetes

It is a long time belief that there is a connection between PCOS and diabetes.

PCOS is considered a risk factor for women to develop type 2 diabetes. Women with PCOS are also at higher risk for heart problems during their lifetime.

Insulin resistance is a side effect of PCOS that can lead to a disruption of the endocrine system. The disruption can lead to type 2 diabetes.

The study

The researchers from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia found that 186 women ended up developing type 2 diabetes in the follow-up time of 15 years opposed to 8,192 women who did not develop type 2.

The chances of developing go up significantly in women who have PCOS. The researchers also noted that the type 2 diabetes risk was increased by 95 percent CI in the women with PCOS and adjusted for their education, family history of type 2, BMI, and ethnicity. After factoring in the participants’ education, family history of type 2, BMI, and ethnicity, women with PCOS were 95 percent (CI) more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

In addition, the researchers found that women who were overweight, obese, or had a family history of type 2 diabetes made up a higher percentage than those without.

If you have PCOS, it’s important that you get regular screenings for diabetes. Talk to your doctor to find out what options are available to you.