A new study has shown that rates of newly diagnosed diabetes has declined by at least 35 percent in the United States since 2009. Not only that, but the prevalence of diabetes has been stable for eight years.
The medical officer and team lead for surveillance for the CDC Division of Diabetes Translation, Dr. Stephen Benoit, MPH, said that the factors for the reduction in diagnosed diabetes cases could be many different things.
“Lifestyle change interventions to prevent type 2 diabetes continue … as well as population approaches to improve healthy food availability, diabetes awareness and education, and walkability of communities,” said Benoit. “However, risk factors for diabetes, such as obesity and prediabetes, remain high, and since our analysis relies on diagnosed cases, the potential impact of changes in screening, testing and diagnostic thresholds are also important considerations.”
Researchers found that the annual prevalence for diagnosed diabetes in adults. Trends were found by using the age, and race, according to the National Health Interview Survey.
Numbers from the study show the longest amount of time that a plateau has been sustained with diagnosed diabetes prevalence. The last time numbers similar to these were found was in the 1980s in the United States.
Research showed that the decreased number of newly diagnosed diabetes came from white adults. The number for white adults was a 5.1 percent decrease every year in diabetes incidences following 2008. In addition, the data show that the greatest overall decrease was found in adults 65 to 79 in age during 2011 to 2017.
Benoit says that in order to continue to reduce diabetes rates, there needs to be “continued emphasis on multilevel, multidisciplinary prevention” along with continued surveillance.
This study was presented at the annual American Association of Diabetes Educator conference, and published in Endocrine Today.